What is a reverse outline

Inverse pyramid principle

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1 definition

The Inverse pyramid principle is a journalistic technique for structuring information in news.

2 story

The origin of the principle lies in the American Civil War (at that time also "Climax-First-Form" or "Top Heavy Form"). Due to the susceptibility of the telegraph connections to failure, often only the beginning of a combat report reached the editorial offices. In the case of a chronologically structured report, therefore, important things could often no longer be transmitted. The rapporteurs proceeded to convey the message in two sections and to summarize the main points at the beginning of the message. The additional information then followed in the course of the text.

3 technology

The image of an inverted pyramid describes the technique of the principle. The broad base of the pyramid represents the information core and the top, the most unimportant information. According to the principle of the inverted pyramid, a message is to be divided into information packages that decrease in importance. This makes it easier for the reader to find the information that is important to him.

3.1 Traditional structure of information

  1. problem
  2. circumstances
  3. methodology
  4. Inference

4 Principle of the inverted pyramid

  1. Inference
  2. supporting information
  3. Background and technical details

5 sources