What is this Lesotho



The 'Kingdom in Heaven' has breathtaking mountain landscapes and a high level of cultural identity. At the same time, there are still major social and economic challenges.


Maps and impressions

You will gain an initial brief overview and impression of the structure and landscape characteristics of the country. This also includes some essential data and facts before you go into the details of the other chapters.

Despite the sometimes extreme geographic location of some areas, good and detailed maps are available.

National symbols

In this chapter, the national anthem is translated into English and German by Sesotho (language of the country) and the historical background is briefly explained.

Based on the dates of its creation and the symbols of the national flag, royal flag and national coat of arms, the young history of the country as an independent state and its ethnic diversity can be recognized.


Everything that is available in terms of data (including graphics) about Lesotho is compiled in this chapter: population, economy, education, health, etc.


If you want to know something about the topography of the country, water management, vegetation and animal kingdom, you will find it in this chapter, as well as about environmental problems such as soil erosion, soil loss, deforestation, overgrazing and overagging.

The Kingdom of Lesotho, which is surrounded by South Africa, rises to over 1000 meters above sea level and is therefore also called the Kingdom in the Sky. Its landscape is characterized by barren plateaus, steep mountains and deeply cut valleys. Water, the white gold, is the wealth of the land.

Social space and infrastructure

Population, cities and land use, traffic routes and communication are the sub-capital of this section.

You can see the astonishing increase in the population with its concentration in the few cities, especially in the capital Maseru, although the vast majority of the country's inhabitants still live in rural areas.

The ecological threat from erosion, poor soil management and the consequences of climate change (periods of drought) will be discussed, as will the limited possibilities of road expansion and a modern communication network.


The checkered past, from the advance of the Bantu tribes from the north to shaking off the colonial powers and achieving full sovereignty in the 20th century, has demanded many victims.


Domestic and foreign policy, elections and parties, civil society, trade unions and the media are among the predominant issues. Above all, the political instability, the endangerment of the civil liberties, their security and the freedom of the media become clear.

At the international level, it is about involvement in international organizations such as the “Development Community for Southern Africa (SADC)” and the growing influence of China.


The economic system of Lesotho is integrated into that of the South African Republic. The textile industry and water exports are important pillars of the economic system.

Development policy

The starting capital gives an overview of the history and current status of development policy. This is followed by a large number of data, tables and graphics that provide information on donor countries, comparisons with other countries and development aid, aid for trade and multilateral and bilateral development cooperation.


In terms of culture, Lesotho has a homogeneous society. Their common language is Sesotho with English as the second official language. Throughout the chaos of history, the Basotho have managed to preserve their cultural identity.

Everyday life & tourism

The difference between Maseru and the rural areas is enormous. On the one hand small town life, on the other hand the traditional villages in the mountain regions with their thatched huts, the rondavels; here tarred roads, there gravel roads that the rain softens and makes impassable. But the stark contrast is what makes it so attractive to travel to this country.