Should I choose sound engineering?

Sound engineer training: This is what awaits you

The profession of sound engineer suits you if ...

  • you have good hearing.
  • you enjoy working on the computer.
  • you are technically interested.
  • you can organize yourself and your work processes well.
  • you can work well in a team.
  • you have no problem with irregular working hours.
  • you can take responsibility.
  • you are open to technical innovations and further training.

Table of Contents

  1. definition
  2. job profile
  3. Industry sectors
  4. requirements
  5. training
  6. costs
  7. financing
  8. Everyday work
  9. salary
  10. Career prospects
  11. Work-life balance
  12. Alternative professions
  13. Frequently asked questions
  14. overview

Definition: This is a sound engineer

Sound engineers are responsible for sound in film, television and music productions as well as in performances, plays or concerts. The Job title, however, is not protected. This means that the job description cannot be clearly defined for specific tasks. So can a / -e Sound engineer besides his / her technical duties also editorially, creatively and creatively be active. In colloquial language, the term "sound technician" usually confuses the activities of sound technician, sound engineer and sound engineer.

The tasks of a sound engineer

As a sound engineer, you are responsible for all aspects of the sound recording. This means that you adjust tones and sounds in film, television, radio or music productions, for example by removing background noises or making adjustments according to the director's ideas. In addition, you are for the Sound infrastructure as well as recording, mixing and playback. You will also be responsible for installing and operating microphones, recording devices, mixing consoles and public address systems.

Other tasks of a sound engineer are ...

  • ... cutting tapes.
  • ... importing effects on the mixer.
  • ... solving technical problems during a performance.
  • ... post production in the studio.
  • ... the assembly and dismantling of the required technology.


Did you know that... ?

... the sound technician is increasingly becoming a multimedia technician? Technical progress makes the work of sound engineers more and more diverse. At the moment, audio and video in particular are increasingly merging with one another.

Possible industries and employers

Experts in sound and the associated technology work in different industries and for different media. Possible employers for sound technicians in training and work are, for example

  • Television productions
  • Music productions
  • Radio productions
  • theatre
  • Record labels
  • PA technology
  • Event management and event technology

The employment opportunities are therefore diverse. Sound technicians are in demand as experts wherever sound recordings have to be made or sound reinforcement has to be provided.


If you want to get a sound engineer training course, this is it not so much your educational backgroundwho decides whether you get an apprenticeship position. The following are especially important Soft skills and Hard skills:

  • Good hearing
  • Feeling for sound harmonies
  • basic technical understanding
  • Knowledge of HiFi stereo
  • Computer knowledge
  • Knowledge of working with microphones and loudspeakers
  • Teamwork
  • Organizational skills
  • Concentrated work

In addition, is a musical training is a great advantageAfter all, the everyday working life of a sound technician revolves around sound and music. You should also have a certain interest in scientific contexts, because a sound is ultimately a physical process that you should understand.

Since the profession of sound technician is not clearly protected, you are different training paths open - with different educational requirements. Do you choose one Training to become an event technician, you should have a secondary school diploma. For a degree in audio engineering / sound engineer, on the other hand, you need a high school diploma. However, there are also sound engineers who about internships and without training start their job. So if you have already gained practical experience or already have specialist knowledge, you may be able to convince in an interview for a sound technician training even without the required high school diploma. In principle, however, the desired school-leaving qualification increases your chancesto get a seat.


There is no state-recognized training as a sound engineer. If you want to work in this profession, you can different ways hit. This includes

  • training as a media designer for image and sound
  • training to become a specialist in audio technology / audio engineer
  • training to become an event technician

In addition, you have the opportunity to study audio engineering / sound engineer / sound engineer or media technology. To find a suitable university and degree program, you can use our UNICHECK university search use.

Media designer for image and sound

Media designers for picture and sound are for them Planning, implementation and post-production of image and sound recordings responsible. For this reason, the training content includes planning and preparing workflows for media productions. In addition to the technical aspects, you will also be taught editorial and creative work. You will also learn everything about the right lighting and camera settings. As aAllrounder for the technical recording, transmission and processing of sounds and images you are also responsible for post-production. This means, you sift, organize and process the files after recording. In addition, legal basics such as data protection regulations or license rights, customer advice and billing are among the content that you have to learn in the training to become a media designer for image and sound. A secondary school leaving certificate is required for training. With a vocational qualification or a high school diploma, however, your chances of getting an apprenticeship are significantly greater.

Specialist for audio technology / audio engineer

Another possibility to work as a sound engineer later is to train as a Specialist for audio technology / audio engineer. Unlike the dual training to become a media designer for image and sound, this is one school education. This means that you won't get any money during your apprenticeship because you don't work in a company besides school. It can even happen that fees are charged at vocational schools, for example for exams. However, you have the option of such grants BAföG to apply.

In terms of content, the training conveys you technical know-how as well as knowledge of ear training and acoustics. As an audio technician, you are not only responsible for operating the technology, but also for the Assembly and disassembly you will also learn how to properly install the technology on site. You are there for them too Live broadcast of the sound responsible, solves any technical problems and takes care of the recording and follow-up. So that you can apply your theoretical knowledge in practice, the training is usually one internship integrated.

Recommended for training as a specialist in audio technology / audio engineer is a Secondary school leaving certificate.

Event technician

Event technicians take care of during events like Concerts, fairs or TV shows about that these function technically flawlessly. To do this, of course, the sound has to work. The contents of the Event technician training but are not limited to just the sound. Instead, you become the / -r Expert backstage educated. This means that you learn how to coordinate all of the technology that is used at an event. Planning, setting up, monitoring, coordinating and troubleshooting - these are all your tasks.

The training to become an event technician is one dual educationthat you complete alternately in the vocational school and in the company. You have the best chances of getting an apprenticeship with a high school diploma.

Audio engineering / sound engineer

If you prefer to go to university instead of an apprenticeship, you can choose to become a sound engineer Audio engineering / sound engineer to study. It conveys and contains a lot of theoretical knowledge many electrical engineering topics. With your studies you will acquire a Bachelor of Music degree.

Media technology

Studying media technology also enables you to get started as a sound engineer. You can usually do this subject at a university of applied sciences to study. It includes a lot of math, electrical engineering, physics and computer science. Since universities of applied sciences, however more practice-oriented are aligned as universities, you will also work a lot on practical projects during your studies.

Private universities

Private universities also offer study opportunities that qualify you for a job as a sound engineer. On some you can Bachelor in sound engineering acquire. At Film schools you will find the degree program in sound design / film sound, which offers you a direct specialization. However, you have to bear in mind that private universities charge tuition fees and that studying there can therefore be very expensive. So if you have decided to become a sound engineer, you should definitely deal in advance with the various training options and decide whether you want to train as an all-rounder or specialize directly.

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You will have to pay for a sound technician training course if you sign up for a Studied at a private university decide. They usually charge monthly fees from several hundred euros. Material and examination costs can also be charged at a private university. In any case, you should inform yourself thoroughly in advance about the exact amount of the costs incurred. This also applies to possible financing.

You should also deal thoroughly with the costs of a sound technician training if you decide on a school training, such as that of a specialist in audio technology / audio engineer. Since you only go to school with such an apprenticeship and do not work in a company, you earn money no money and may have to go with it Costs for exams calculate. In contrast, in a dual training program, you already receive your first own salary. And you generally don't have to pay anything to study at a state university, as there are currently no general ones in Germany tuition fee more there. However, this still applies in some federal states Special regulationsthat you should find out about beforehand.

Overview of costs:

Form of trainingcosts
Dual educationfree of charge, you get a monthly salary
School educationyou don't get a salary, possibly costs for exams
Studied at a public universityfree
Studied at a private universitymostly monthly costs of several hundred euros plus possibly examination and material costs

Should you decide on dual training or study at a state university or technical college, there are basically no costs for training or study. But it may be that you are in Teaching materials such as books have to invest. And depending on your life situation, you may have to Living expenses such as rent and groceries take into account.


Regardless of whether you opt for school-based or dual training, studying at a state university or studying at a private university: BAföGbe promoted. The Federal Training Assistance Act not only regulates support for students in Germany. It also applies to trainees. You thus have the opportunity BAföG in training to apply.

You always apply for state support through one BAföG application. Whether you are entitled to a grant is, however of various factors, for example on the income of your parents or your own assets. That means that you not automatically eligible for BAföG just because you are studying or getting an apprenticeship. And even if you are granted BAföG: There is one BAföG maximum rate. Even this is not automatically enough, depending on your life situation, to finance your entire studies plus living costs, for example. BAföG cannot cover the costs of a private university either. So maybe you're up additional income through a Part-time job instructed and forced to earn money on the side. You should definitely consider the type of financing when choosing your training path.

Everyday work

The everyday working life of a sound technician is very varied. Depending on whether you accompany a recording in the studio or are responsible for the live sound engineering at a concert, your workplace can do both Indoor and outdoorr be. For example, if you are employed at the theater, you are present during the performances and monitor the sound technology, also so that you can intervene immediately in the event of a malfunction. This means that during the theater season you are in the theater in the evening until the performance is over. As a sound engineer, you generally don't have a classic nine-to-five job. In the film and music industries are unusual working hours and sometimes overtime common.


The salary of a sound technician is of various factorsn dependent. When it comes to training, it depends on which training path you choose. In your professional life, the company, location and work experience also have an impact on the amount of your earnings.

Training salary

Since there is no state-recognized training as a sound technician, you can learn about the salary in your sound technician training no blanket statements to meet. Depending on which training path you choose, you may even not earn any money or even incur costs.

  • Media designer for image and sound: The average apprenticeship allowance is 530 euros in the first up to 710 euros in the third year.
  • Specialist for audio technology / audio engineer: This is a school education. You don't get a salary.
  • Event technician: If you are employed in the public service, your salary is between 950 to 1,150 euros in the first and 1,050 to 1,300 euros in the third year of training. Without a collective agreement, your training salary in the first year of your apprenticeship will be between 500 and 800 euros and 900 euros in the last year.
  • Audio engineering / sound engineer / sound engineer and media technology: You don't get any money for studying. Instead, you have to be prepared for spending on social security contributions and the semester ticket as well as materials.
  • Private universities: Private universities charge tuition fees, which can be incurred per semester, but also monthly. Usually they are several hundred euros. Contact the university directly to find out what costs and to what extent you will have to pay.

Salary in the job

After completing your training, you can work as a sound engineer with a monthly Gross salary from 2,385 to 4,156 euros calculate. This results in an annual gross income of 37,073 to 51,854 euros. On average, you can expect a gross monthly income of 3,500 euros.

The following factors are responsible for the salary range:

  • Location
  • Company size
  • work experience


As with many other professions, the location of your company has a not inconsiderable part of how high your salary is. For example, the monthly average income of a sound engineer in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania is included according to 2,690 euros gross per month, you can average monthly in Baden-Württemberg 3,836 euros gross to earn.

Company size

If you work in a larger company, you can usually expect a higher salary. Sound engineers earn on average in a company with 500 employees around 2,668 euros gross. If a company has over 1,000 employees, an average gross amount of EUR 4,731 per month is possible for a sound technician.

work experience

Basically, the more work experience, the more salary you will get. After five years in the job, you can expect your first raise.

As a sound engineer, you also have the opportunity to become self-employed. On average, your salary can then be higher than in an employment relationship.

Career prospects

Basically, sound technicians have after their training a variety of career opportunities. You can work in sound or dubbing studios as well as in film and television productions or at the theater. Sound engineers are also used in product development or the games industry. As a service engineer, you can work for various manufacturers and develop soundtracks. You also have the option of having your own recording studio to do self-employed.

Despite these possibilities, the Limited available apprenticeship and study places and starting a career is not always easy. Classic career paths, such as at the bank, do not exist in this profession. Instead, personal contacts and a network are just as important as practical experience. Especially if you continue to educate yourself and always on the cutting edge of technology you can improve your career prospects.

Work-life balance

If you are looking for a job with regular working hours, the profession of sound engineer is probably not right for you. The classicWork-life balancedoes not exist here. Irregular working hours, often when others have time off, are the norm in this job. For the film and music industry are also overtime not uncommon.

Alternative professions

Sound technician may not be what you are looking for, but it should definitely be a technical profession? We have alternative professions for you where your technical know-how is just as important:

Event technician

The profession of / -r Event technician is not limited to the sound alone. Rather, they are event technicians Specialists without whom an event would not work. The success of a concert, trade fair, conference or TV show depends on his / her work.

Surveying technician

Surveying technicianis a very demanding, technical profession. He / She collects data on terrain, cadastral surveys, industrial and construction surveys, raw material storage sites such as mines or quarries and environmental protection and does precise work when surveying. The average Surveyor Salary lies by 44,300 euros gross in the year.

Dental technician

The profession of / -r Dental technician includes the manufacture of all types of dentures. Already in the Dental technician trainingyou will learn how to plan and model implants for teeth and jaws. The average Dental technician salary lies between 32,500 and 53,000 euros gross per year.

The most important questions about the profession of sound engineer

What qualifications do you need as a sound engineer?

That depends on which training path you choose. If you want to embark on a degree and study audio engineering or media technology, you need the Abitur. If you are training to become an event technician, for Specialist for audio technology / audio engineer or to / -r Media designer for image and sound will usually at least one secondary school leaving certificate expected. You bring already practical experience in this area, but you may also have a chance of an apprenticeship with a lower school leaving certificate.

What do you have to be able to do as a sound engineer?

As a sound engineer, it is your job to Install microphones, recording devices and public address systemsto operate and monitor. They also cut tapes and are responsible for the post-production of sound recordings as well as for the sound Live broadcasts, TV shows or at the theater.

What does a sound engineer do?

A sound engineer is for the technical aspects of a music and sound recording responsible. He checks the acoustics, sets up the circuits, levels the microphones and is responsible for the transmission paths. His / her duties often overlap with those of a sound engineer.


  • The There is no such thing as a "sound engineer" apprenticeship. There are various training paths leading into this profession.
  • You can do an apprenticeship, but you can also study.
  • As a sound engineer you will work at Theaters, film, sound and dubbing studios, at record companies or at events and concerts
  • The apprenticeship places are limited. Starting a career is not always easy.