Why did the Greeks call Palermo Panormos
History of the city of Palermo
The first settlement of Palermo took place as early as the Stone Age. Cave painting in the mountains of Monte Pellegrino can still be visited today and are evidence of settlement much earlier than the time when the city was founded by the Phoenicians.
The Phoenicians founded the city
Around 800 years before the birth of Christ, the city of Palermo was used as an important trading post for the Phoenicians and developed a very contested history in which every culture has left its mark. The Phoenicians called the city Ziz which stood for flower, the Greeks, on the other hand, called it Panormos the universal port because of the large bay called Conca d'Oro.
Conquest of the Romans
The Greeks failed in their attempts at conquest and so the Greek influence in this city stayed away. The Greeks conquered large parts of the east, south, south-west and central Sicily, but they were unable to incorporate the north-west part into their rule. During the First Punic War, the city was a Carthaginian stronghold until the Romans conquered the city in 254 BC and named it Panormus. Under Emperor Augustus the great-nephew of Julius Caesar, Palermo was populated particularly heavily and so the city grew into an important coastal city.
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