Is a human brain transplant ethical
Can a head transplant succeed?
Milestones in transplant medicine
1883: Thyroid tissue is implanted into a patient after their own thyroid has been surgically removed.
1905: First successful cornea transplant
1954: First successful kidney transplant with identical twins as donor and recipient; first transplant of a whole organ
1957: First bone marrow transplant
1958: The discovery of the human leukocyte antigens, which the immune system uses to recognize foreign tissue, helps to get the problem of rejection under control.
1967: First heart transplant; The patient succumbs to pneumonia after 18 days.
1967: First successful liver transplant
1970: Discovery of the immunosuppressive agent ciclosporin, which greatly extends the survival time of transplant patients
1983: First successful lung transplant
1998: First hand transplant
2000: First hand transplant
2005: First face transplant; a French woman disfigured by a dog attack receives a nose, chin and lips.
2008: First successful transplant of both arms
2011: First larynx and trachea transplant that allows a patient to regain her voice
2012: Most complex face transplant to date including jaw, tongue and teeth
2014: First successful penis transplant
2014: First successful uterine transplant resulting in a healthy child
Bateman, C .: World's First Successful Penis Transplant at Tygerberg Hospital. In: South African Medical Journal 105, pp. 251-252, 2015
Brännström, M. et al .: Livebirth after Uterus Transplantation. In: The Lancet 385, pp. 607-616, 2015
Gander, B .: Composite Tissue Allotransplantation of the Hand and Face: A New Frontier in Transplant and Reconstructive Surgery. In: Transplant International 19, pp. 868-880, 2006
Hakim, N.S., Papalois, V.E .: History of Organ and Cell Transplant. Imperial College Press, London 2003
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