How many people live in Iceland

About Iceland - population and life

Iceland is one of the countries with the highest quality of life in the world. Hardly any crime, a child-friendly social system, hardly any environmental pollution and a high life expectancy are just some of the factors why Iceland does so well in the international ranking.

If you have decided to travel to Iceland, you should definitely read through our practical tips, the rental car information, as well as the accommodation information and the recommended travel checklist.

Lean back and enjoy our Iceland video clip:

Population and life in Iceland

Around half of the approximately 338,000 inhabitants of Iceland live in the capital Reykjavík and its neighboring communities. The international airport is located in Keflavík, around 50 km from the capital area. Iceland's inland is uninhabited (and uninhabitable) and most of the localities are on the coast. Iceland has no significant mineral resources and lives mainly from fishing, tourism and the aluminum industry. During the three summer months it is continuously bright as day in Iceland, and both spring and late autumn enjoy long periods of twilight. The really dark time with four to five hours of daylight lasts from mid-November to the end of January. Iceland is the most sparsely populated area in Europe. The harsh nature and many areas of land that can hardly be planted do not offer favorable conditions for agriculture. Great efforts are currently being made to re-green and replant Iceland. The barren soil, however, only leaves space for very resistant plants to survive. You won't find a forest as we know it in Iceland. Every growing tree is protected and cared for here.


The Icelandic economy is heavily dependent on fishing. Despite successful differentiation, e.g. in the field of tourism, the export of fishery products accounts for around three quarters of foreign trade and around half of total foreign exchange income. However, no more than 10% of the population is engaged in fishing and fish processing. Tourism is the second largest foreign exchange-earning industry in Iceland. The standard of living in Iceland is high with incomes per capita among the world's best. The financial sector has seen some liberalization in recent years. Two thirds of the population is employed in both private and public services, making it the largest in Iceland. Iceland is a member of EFTA and the European Economic Area EEC.


It is the northernmost capital of Europe. You shouldn't imagine a big European city like Vienna or London here. Reykjavik (and the surrounding area) has approx. 123,000 inhabitants and means something like "smoking bay". It is characterized by particularly good, clear air. Reykjavík residents have been getting their hot water from the earth for several decades. It is a cheap, safe, and most importantly, environmentally friendly source of energy. The colorful houses shine towards you from afar. A nice destination is Perlan (the pearl), here 24 million liters of thermal water from the hot springs around Reykjavik are stored in water tanks connected with mirror glass. Close to Reykjavik is the Blue Lagoon, an artificial mineral and thermal lake that has become a popular destination.

bless you:

Life expectancy is among the best in the world at 81.3 years for women and 76.4 years for men, and the comprehensive public health system aims to keep it that way.