Can a graviton particle be produced artificially?

Portal for the student. Self preparation

"Shields up!" - This is the first command that gives its crew a harsh voice of Captain Kirk in the endless Star Trek series. Obedient to the order, the crew switched on the force fields to protect the spaceship "Enterprise" from enemy fire.

Force fields are so important in Star Trek history that their condition can determine the outcome of a fight. As soon as the energy of the force field is exhausted and the hull of the Enterprise receives blows, it will be crushed even more. Eventually, defeat becomes inevitable.

What is a protective force field? In science fiction, it's a deceptively simple thing: a thin, invisible, yet impenetrable barrier that can easily reflect laser beams and rockets alike. At first glance, the force field seems so simple that the creation - and soon - of the battle shields based on it seems inevitable. So you expect that today or tomorrow an enterprising inventor will not announce that he has succeeded in obtaining a protective force field. But the truth is much more complicated.

Like Edison's lightbulb that radically changed modern civilization, the force field can profoundly affect all aspects of our lives, without exception. The military would use the force field to become invulnerable and create an impenetrable protective shield against enemy missiles and bullets on its base. In theory, you could build bridges, beautiful highways and roads at the push of a button. Whole cities would arise as if by magic in the desert; Everything in them, except for the skyscrapers, would be built entirely from force fields. Force field domes over cities would enable their residents to arbitrarily control weather events - storm winds, snowstorms, tornadoes. Under the secure canopy of the force field, cities could even be built at the bottom of the oceans. Glass, steel and concrete could be completely abandoned by replacing all building materials with force fields.

Strangely enough, it turns out that the force field is one of those phenomena that is extremely difficult to reproduce in the laboratory. Some physicists even believe that this will not be possible at all without changing its properties.
Michael Faraday

The concept of the physical field comes from the works of the great 19th century British scientist. Michael Faraday.

Faraday's parents were working class (his father was a blacksmith). He himself in the early 1800s. was an apprentice to the bookbinder and had a rather miserable existence. However, the young Faraday was intrigued by the latest giant breakthrough in science - the discovery of the mysterious properties of two new forces, electricity and magnetism. He eagerly devoured whatever information was available to him on these subjects and attended lectures by Professor Humphrey Davy of the Royal Institute in London.

Professor Davy once seriously injured his eyes in a failed chemical experiment. needed a secretary and he took Faraday for the position. Gradually, the young man gained the trust of scientists at the Royal Institution and was able to conduct his own important experiments, although he often had to endure a dismissive attitude. Over the years, Professor Davy became increasingly jealous of the achievements of his talented young assistant, initially considered a rising star in experimental circles, and over time dwarfed the fame of Davy himself. It was only after Davy's death in 1829 that Faraday was granted scientific freedom and made a number of surprising discoveries. Their result was the creation of electricity generators that supplied entire cities with energy and changed the course of world civilization.

The key to Faraday's greatest discoveries was force fields, or physical fields. If you put iron filings over a magnet and shake it, it turns out that the filings fit into a pattern that resembles a spider web and takes up all of the space around the magnet. The "threads of the network" are the Faraday lines of force. They clearly show how electric and magnetic fields are distributed in space. For example, if you graph the Earth's magnetic field, you will find that the lines come from somewhere in the North Pole region and then come back and go back into Earth in the South Pole region. If you plot the lines of force of the electric lightning field during a thunderstorm, it turns out that they converge at the tip of the lightning bolt.

The empty space for Faraday wasn't empty at all; It was full of lines of force that could move distant objects.

(Faraday's poor youth prevented him from getting formal education and he had little math skills. As a result, his notebooks were filled with hand-drawn diagrams of field lines rather than equations and formulas. Ironically, it was his lack of math education that led him to do so to develop great diagrams of lines of force seen in every physics textbook today. The physical picture in science is often more important than the mathematical apparatus used to describe it.)

Historians have made many assumptions about what exactly led Faraday to the discovery of physical fields - one of the most important concepts in the history of all world science. In fact, all modern physics, without exception, is written in the language of the Faraday fields. In 1831 Faraday made an important discovery in the field of physical fields that changed our civilization forever. One day while carrying a magnet - a children's toy - over the wire frame, he noticed that an electrical current was being generated in the frame, even though the magnet was not touching him. This meant that the invisible field of a magnet could cause electrons to move some distance and create a current.

Faraday's force fields, which until that moment were considered useless images, the fruit of an idle imagination, turned out to be real material force that could move objects and generate energy. Today we can safely say that the light source with which you are reading this page is powered by Faraday's discoveries in electromagnetism. The rotating magnet creates a field that pushes the electrons into the conductor and sets them in motion, creating an electrical current that can then be used to power the lightbulb. Power generators are based on this principle and supply cities all over the world with energy. For example, a jet of water falling from a dam causes a giant magnet to spin in a turbine. the magnet pushes electrons into the wire and creates an electric current; In turn, electricity flows into our homes through high-voltage cables.

In other words, Michael Faraday's force fields are the very forces that drive modern civilization, in all its forms - from electric locomotives to the latest computer systems, the Internet and pocket computers.

For a century and a half, Faraday's physical fields have inspired further research by physicists. Einstein, for example, was so influenced that he formulated his theory of gravity in the language of physical fields. Faraday's works also made a big impression on me. A few years ago I successfully formulated string theory in relation to physical Faraday fields and thus laid the foundation for string field theory. In physics, it means paying a serious compliment to someone he thinks with lines of force.
Four basic interactions

One of the greatest achievements in physics over the past two millennia has been the identification and definition of the four types of interactions that rule the universe. All of them can be described in the language of the fields to which we owe Faraday. Unfortunately, however, none of the four types have the full properties of the force fields described in most science fiction stories. Let's list these types of interaction.

1. Gravity. The silent force that keeps our feet from leaving the support. It will not collapse the earth and stars and will help maintain the integrity of the solar system and the galaxy. Without gravity, the planet's rotation at 1,000 miles per hour would throw us into space from Earth. The problem is that the properties of gravity are just the opposite of the properties of fantastic force fields. Gravity is attraction, not repulsion; it is extremely weak - relative, of course; it works at enormous astronomical distances. In other words, it's almost the exact opposite of the flat, thin, impenetrable barrier found in almost every science fiction novel or movie. For example, an entire planet, the earth, pulls a feather to the ground, but we can easily overcome the earth's gravity and lift the feather with one finger. The impact of one of our fingers can overcome the gravity of an entire planet weighing more than six trillion kilograms.

2. Electromagnetism (EM). The power that lights up our cities. Lasers, radio, television, modern electronics, computers, the Internet, electricity, and magnetism are all consequences of the manifestation of electromagnetic interactions. This is perhaps the most useful power that humanity has been able to use throughout its history. In contrast to gravity, it can act for both attraction and repulsion. However, it is unsuitable for the role of a force field for several reasons. First, it can be easily neutralized. For example, plastic or some other non-conductive material can easily penetrate a strong electric or magnetic field. A piece of plastic thrown into a magnetic field flies freely through it. Second, the electromagnetism works at great distances, it is not easy to concentrate it in one plane. The laws of EM interaction are described by the equations of James Clerk Maxwell, and it appears that force fields are not a solution to these equations.

3 and 4. Strong and weak nuclear interactions. One weak interaction is the force of radioactive decay that heats the radioactive core of the earth. This is the force behind volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and continental plate drift. Due to a strong interaction, the atomic nuclei cannot decay. It supplies the sun and stars with energy and is responsible for lighting the universe. The problem is that the nuclear interaction only works at very short distances, mostly within the atomic nucleus. It is so closely related to the properties of the core itself that it is extremely difficult to control. We currently only know of two ways of influencing this interaction: we can break a subatomic particle into pieces in an accelerator or detonate an atomic bomb.

Although science fiction protective fields do not conform to the known laws of physics, there are loopholes that are likely to allow a force field to be created in the future. First, there may be a fifth type of basic interaction that no one in the lab has seen before. For example, it may turn out that this interaction only works at distances of a few centimeters to a foot - and not at astronomical distances. (Right, the first attempts to detect a fifth type of interaction gave negative results.)

Second, we can potentially make the plasma mimic some of the properties of the force field. Plasma is the "fourth state of matter". The first three states of matter known to us are solid, liquid and gaseous; However, the most common form of matter in the universe is plasma: a gas made up of ionized atoms. The atoms in the plasma are disconnected and free of electrons and therefore have an electrical charge. They can easily be controlled with electric and magnetic fields.

Most of the visible matter of the universe exists in the form of various types of plasma; This creates the sun, stars and interstellar gas. In normal life we ​​almost never encounter plasma because this phenomenon is rare on Earth; Nevertheless, the plasma can be seen. All you have to do is take a look at the flash, the sun, or a plasma TV screen.
Plasma window

As mentioned above, it is possible to hold and shape the gas with the aid of magnetic and electric fields if it is heated to a sufficiently high temperature and thus plasma is obtained. For example, plasma can be shaped like a film or a window glass. In addition, such a "plasma window" can be used as a partition between vacuum and ordinary air. In this way it would in principle be possible to keep the air in the spaceship and prevent it from escaping into space. In this case, plasma forms a convenient transparent shell, the boundary between open space and ship.

In Star Trek, the force field is partially used to isolate the compartment that the small space shuttle is in and from where it takes off from space. And it's not just a clever trick to save money on decorations. Such a transparent invisible film can be produced.

The plasma window was invented in 1995 by physicist Edie Gershkovich at Brookhaven National Laboratory (Long Island, New York). This device was designed to solve another problem - the problem of welding metals with an electron beam. The welder's acetylene torch melts the metal with a stream of hot gas and then bonds the metal parts together. It is known that the electron beam can weld metals faster, cleaner and cheaper than conventional welding processes. The main problem with the electron welding process is that it has to be done in a vacuum. This requirement is very impractical as a vacuum chamber needs to be built - perhaps the size of an entire room.

To solve this problem, Dr. Gershkovich the plasma window. This device is only 3 feet high and 1 foot in diameter; it heats the gas to a temperature of 6500 ° C, thereby generating a plasma that immediately falls into the trap of electric and magnetic fields. Plasma particles, like particles of a gas, exert a pressure that prevents air from entering the vacuum chamber and filling it. (When used in a plasma window, argon emits a bluish tinge, just like the force field in Star Trek.)

The plasma window will obviously find wide application in the aerospace industry and in industry. Even in industry, micromachining and dry etching often require a vacuum, but using them in a manufacturing process can be very expensive. With the invention of the plasma window, it is now easy and inexpensive to maintain a vacuum at the push of a button.

But can a plasma window be used as an impenetrable protective shield? Will it protect from a cannon shot? One can imagine the future appearance of plasma windows, which have a much higher energy and temperature and are sufficient for the evaporation of objects falling into them. However, in order to create a more realistic force field with features known from science fiction, a multilayered combination of several technologies is required. Each layer may not be strong enough to stop a cannonball, but multiple layers together can be enough.

Let us try to imagine the structure of such a force field. The outer layer, for example a charged plasma window, has been heated to a temperature sufficient to vaporize metals. The second layer could be a curtain of high-energy laser beams. Such a curtain of thousands of intersecting laser beams would create a spatial grid that would heat and effectively vaporize objects passing through it. We'll talk more about lasers in the next chapter.

Furthermore, behind the laser curtain, you can imagine a spatial grid of "carbon nanotubes" - tiny tubes that are made up of individual carbon atoms and whose walls are one atom thick. This means that pipes are many times stronger than steel. The longest carbon nanotube in the world is currently only about 15mm long, but we can already foresee the day when we will be able to make carbon nanotubes of any length. Assume that a spatial network can be woven from carbon nanotubes. In this case, we get an extremely durable screen that can reflect most objects. This screen is invisible because each individual nanotube has a thickness comparable to that of an atom, but the spatial network of the carbon nanotubes exceeds the strength of any other material.

So we have reason to believe that the combination of a plasma window, a laser curtain and a screen made of carbon nanotubes can serve as the basis for creating a near-impenetrable invisible wall.

But even such a multilayered shield cannot demonstrate all of the properties that science fiction ascribes to a force field. So it's transparent, which means it can't stop the laser beam. Our multilayered shields are useless in the fight with laser cannons.

In order to stop the laser beam, the shielding, in addition to those mentioned above, must have a very pronounced property of "photochromatic" or variable transparency. Currently, materials with such properties are used in the manufacture of sunglasses that can darken when exposed to UV radiation. A variable transparency of the material is achieved through the use of molecules that can exist in at least two states. In one state of the molecules, such a material is transparent. However, under the influence of UV radiation, the molecules immediately change to a different state and the material loses its transparency.

Perhaps one day we can use nanotechnology to obtain a substance as strong as carbon nanotubes and whose optical properties can change under the influence of a laser beam. A shield made from such a substance can not only stop streams of particles or cannon casings, but also a laser strike. However, there are currently no variable transparency materials that can stop the laser beam.
Magnetic levitation technology

In science fiction, force fields have another function in addition to repelling hits by radiation weapons: They serve as support with which you can overcome gravity. In Back to the Future, Michael Fox drives a hoverboard or a floating board. This thing resembles a familiar skateboard in everything, except that it "rides" through the air above the surface of the earth. The laws of physics as we know them today do not allow the implementation of such an anti-gravity device (as we will see in Chapter 10). But you can envision the creation of other devices in the future - floating boards and cars floating on a maglev train; With these machines, we can easily lift and hold large objects. When "superconductivity at room temperature" becomes a reality in the future, humans will be able to lift objects into the air with the help of magnetic fields.

If we bring the north pole of one permanent magnet to the north pole of another magnet of the same magnet, the magnets will repel each other. (If we turn one of the magnets over and bring it with its south pole to the north pole of the other, two magnets will be attracted.) The same principle - that the same poles of the magnets repel each other - can be used to lift large weights off the floor. Technically advanced magnetic spring balances are already being built in several countries. Such trains do not run along the tracks, but at a minimal distance above them. ordinary magnets hold them in weight. Trains seem to float in the air and can reach record speeds thanks to zero friction.

The world's first commercial automated transport system with magnetic suspension was introduced in 1984 in the British city of Birmingham. It connected the terminal of the international airport with the nearby train station. Magnetic levitation trains also operate in Germany, Japan, and Korea, although most are not designed for high speeds. The first commercial high-speed maglev train runs on a moving section of track in Shanghai. This train travels at a speed of up to 431 km / h on the motorway. A Japanese maglev train in Yamanashi Prefecture accelerated to a speed of 581 km / h - that is, it moved much faster than conventional trains on wheels.

However, magnetic levitation devices are extremely expensive. One way to increase their efficiency is to use superconductors, which completely lose their electrical resistance when they cool down to temperatures close to absolute zero. The phenomenon of superconductivity was discovered in 1911 by Heike Kamerling Onnes. The main thing was that some substances lose all electrical resistance when they cool down to a temperature below 20 K (20 ° above absolute zero). As the metal is cooled, its electrical resistance usually gradually decreases. (The fact is that random oscillations of atoms disturb the directional movement of electrons in a conductor. As the temperature decreases, the range of random oscillations decreases and electricity experiences less resistance.) However, Kamerling-Onnes found, to his astonishment, that the resistance some materials at a certain critical temperature drops sharply to zero.

The physicists immediately understood how important the result achieved is. Significant amounts of electricity are lost in transmission lines over long distances. But if the resistance could be removed, electricity could be transferred anywhere for almost nothing. In general, an electrical current excited in a closed circuit could circulate in it for millions of years without any loss of energy. In addition, from these extraordinary currents it would not be difficult to create magnets with incredible power. And with such magnets it would be possible to lift large loads without effort.

Despite the wonderful capabilities of superconductors, their use is very difficult. It is very expensive to store large magnets in tanks with extremely cold liquids. Keeping liquids cold would require huge cold factories, which would add sky-high the cost of superconducting magnets and make them unprofitable.

But one day physicists might be able to make a substance that retains superconducting properties even when heated to room temperature. Room temperature superconductivity is the holy grail of solid state physicists. The manufacture of such substances is likely to mark the beginning of the second industrial revolution. The strong magnetic fields that cars and trains can dangle become so cheap that even "gliding cars" can be economically viable. It is very likely that with the invention of superconductors that retain their properties at room temperature, the fantastic flying machines we see in the films "Back to the Future", "Minority Report" and "Star Wars" will become a reality.

In principle, it is quite conceivable that a person can put on a special belt made of superconducting magnets, which enables them to float freely above the ground. With a belt like this, you could fly through the air like Superman. In general, room temperature superconductivity is such a remarkable phenomenon that the invention and use of such superconductors is described in many science fiction novels (such as the series of novels about the Ringworld created by Larry Niven in 1970).

For decades, physicists have been searching unsuccessfully for substances that are superconducting at room temperature. It was a long, boring process - trying to find it through trial and error and testing one material at a time. In 1986, however, a new class of substances called "high temperature superconductors" was discovered. These substances acquired superconductivity at temperatures on the order of 90 ° above absolute zero, or 90 K. This discovery became a real sensation in the world of physics. The airlock appeared to have opened. Month after month, physicists competed with each other to set a new world record for superconductivity. For a while, it even seemed like room temperature superconductivity would disappear from the pages of science fiction novels and become a reality. After a few years of rapid development, research in the field of high-temperature superconductors began to slow down.

Currently, the world record for high-temperature superconductors belongs to the substance, a complex oxide of copper, calcium, barium, thallium and mercury, which becomes superconducting at 138 K (-135 ° C). This relatively high temperature is still very far from room temperature. But this is also an important milestone. Nitrogen becomes liquid at 77K and liquid nitrogen costs about the same as regular milk. Therefore, ordinary liquid nitrogen, which is inexpensive, can be used for cooling high-temperature superconductors. (Of course, superconductors that stay that way at room temperature don't need to be cooled at all.)

Another thing is uncomfortable. There is currently no theory that would explain the properties of high temperature superconductors. In addition, an enterprising physicist who can explain how he works receives a Nobel Prize. (In the well-known high-temperature superconductors, atoms are organized in precisely defined layers. Many physicists assume that it is the layering of the ceramic material that enables the electrons to move freely in each layer and thus generate superconductivity. But how and why this is still a mystery.)

Lack of knowledge forces physicists to search for new high-temperature superconductors through trial and error the old-fashioned way. This means that the infamous room temperature superconductivity can be discovered anytime tomorrow, in a year, or not at all. Nobody knows when a substance with such properties will be found and whether it will be found at all.

However, if room temperature superconductors are discovered, their discovery is likely to generate a great wave of new inventions and commercial applications. Magnetic fields that are millions of times stronger than the earth's magnetic field (0.5 Gauss) can be the order of the day.

One of the properties of all superconductors is the Meissner effect. When you place a magnet over a superconductor, the magnet floats in the air as if it were being supported by an invisible force. [The reason for the Meissner effect is that the magnet has the property of creating its own "mirror image" inside the superconductor, so that the real magnet and its reflection repel each other. Another graphic explanation for this effect is that a superconductor is impenetrable to a magnetic field. It kind of expresses the magnetic field. Therefore, when you place a magnet over a superconductor, the lines of force of the magnet will be distorted upon contact with the superconductor. These lines of force push the magnet up and make it float.)

If mankind has the opportunity to use the Meissner effect, one can imagine the motorway of the future with a coating made from such special ceramics. Then, with the help of magnets attached to our belt or the underside of the car, we can magically float across the road and rush to our destination without friction or loss of energy.

The Meissner effect only works with magnetic materials such as metals. However, superconducting magnets can also be used to levitate non-magnetic materials known as paramagnets or diamagnets. These substances in themselves are not magnetic; they only acquire it in the presence and under the influence of an external magnetic field. Paramagnets are attracted by an external magnet, diamagnets are repelled.

For example, water is diamagnetic. Since all living things are made of water, they too can float in the presence of a strong magnetic field. In a field with a magnetic induction of around 15 T (30,000 times stronger than the earth's magnetic field), scientists have already succeeded in making small animals such as frogs levitate. However, when superconductivity becomes a reality at room temperature, large non-magnetic objects can be lifted into the air taking advantage of their diamagnetic properties.

In summary, we note that force fields in the form in which they are normally described in fantastic literature do not match the description of the four fundamental interactions in our universe. However, it can be assumed that a person will be able to mimic many of the properties of these fictional fields using multilayer shields, including plasma windows, laser curtains, carbon nanotubes, and substances with variable transparency. In reality, however, such a shield can only be developed after several decades or even a century. And if superconductivity is discovered at room temperature, mankind has the opportunity to use strong magnetic fields. Perhaps with their help it will be possible to lift cars and trains in the air, as we see in science fiction films.

With all of this in mind, I would classify force fields as Class I of Impossibility, that is, define them as something that is impossible for today's technology but will be implemented in a modified form over the course of the next century.

I. If a respected but senior scientist claims that a certain phenomenon is possible, he is certain to be right. If he claims that something is impossible, he is most likely wrong.

II. The only way to define the limits of the possible is to have the courage and penetrate the other side of the impossible.

III. Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.

Arthur Clarke's three laws

"Shields up!" - This is the first command that gives its crew a harsh voice of Captain Kirk in the endless Star Trek series. Obedient to the order, the crew switched on the force fields to protect the spaceship "Enterprise" from enemy fire.

Force fields are so important in Star Trek history that their condition can determine the outcome of a fight. As soon as the energy of the force field is exhausted and the hull of the Enterprise receives blows, it will be crushed even more. Eventually, defeat becomes inevitable.

What is a protective force field? In science fiction, it's a deceptively simple thing: a thin, invisible, yet impenetrable barrier that can easily reflect laser beams and rockets alike. At first glance, the force field seems so simple that the creation - and soon - of the battle shields based on it seems inevitable. So you expect that today or tomorrow an enterprising inventor will not announce that he has succeeded in obtaining a protective force field. But the truth is much more complicated.

Like Edison's lightbulb that radically changed modern civilization, the force field can profoundly affect all aspects of our lives, without exception. The military would use the force field to become invulnerable and create an impenetrable protective shield against enemy missiles and bullets on its base. In theory, you could build bridges, beautiful highways and roads at the push of a button. Whole cities would arise as if by magic in the desert; Everything in them, except for the skyscrapers, would be built entirely from force fields. Force field domes over cities would enable their residents to arbitrarily control weather events - storm winds, snowstorms, tornadoes. Under the secure canopy of the force field, cities could even be built at the bottom of the oceans. Glass, steel and concrete could be completely abandoned by replacing all building materials with force fields.

Strangely enough, it turns out that the force field is one of those phenomena that is extremely difficult to reproduce in the laboratory. Some physicists even believe that this will not be possible at all without changing its properties.

Force field - how many decades have we heard this strange phrase in various science fiction films, books and computer games. I think there are few people left on earth who would not understand what it is. The attempts of the scientists to create at least a small demo version of such a thing have so far failed because the basis of the force field are the super-heavy graviton particles (mass particles from the micro-world), which, thanks to the electromagnetic field, should be laid out in a thin, invisible film. Oh and ah - Gravitons are capricious particles, like chronons (particles of time).

But.
The force field exists. This is especially true in super slow motion when breaking stones and boards with the palm of your hand. And the famous Qi Gong body protection system "iron shirt" (as well as "iron pants", iron gloves "," iron boots "and an iron hat) is also based on this mysterious force field. In the late 90s, a small article about 5 Chinese Neo monks flashed in the yellow press -Shaolin direction, which allowed American scientists to conduct all sorts of cruel experiments on them: they were run over by a passenger car at a speed of 60 km / h, they were shot by a magnum, on which they were thrown, sticks of dynamite and others inhuman things; but all the monks remained alive and well.Next: In 2005 the Discovery Channel showed a report of a small group of people (who live in the US) who gained superhuman resistance to various punches through secret training - I saw with my own eyes how super kickboxing experts gave them enormous kicks and Blowing blows (If someone remembers the 80s film with young Van Dam, in which he was taught to kick a palm until he broke it, then you will understand that such blows take many years before a person can get blown Can survive hard training) - I was just shocked ...

Further.
I almost forgot, and thanks to a beautiful intelligent woman (her name is Anna) I will briefly tell you about another type of force field - very powerful - this is an egregious force protection field - most common among Christians and Buddhists (it's just about the Number of believers on the planet). The egregor force field saves you a lot - it bends space and time, and you don't have to go far to give examples - on the battlefields, some people have survived in a hell like this where thousands died. But as a historian, I can safely say that this type of protection was created by people - especially the first noble knights - true Christians and sincere believers. And then that technique was written into the egregor memory bank and is used to this day.
I don't want to brag about it again and talk about my unhappy person, but I had a time when I myself was the owner of such an egregious force field. You have to pay for everything, and as you can imagine, I was an obedient puppet in the invisible hard hands of this powerful Christian Orthodox egregor - I would suddenly take off and go to places I personally didn't need, but I saved the seemingly inevitable death of several people - and he himself did not get a single scratch in three mass car accidents (this, as you understand, is not very pleasant to notice). How is this force field structured? It is a completely undulating order, i.e. high-frequency vibrations that create an enveloping protective field (for magic lovers I explain that the element air is used there), and from the point of view of classical physics everything is logical and easy to explain - magnetic and electromagnetic vibrations.

However, we are interested in the technique of creating such a force field that constantly fends off the attacks of envious people and energy vampires, and now I will tell you about a simple and effective technique that I recently tested on myself and was satisfied with the test results .

Let's begin.
Nothing complicated - we mentally "smear" a transparent viscous gel on our body - no more than 1 cm thick, we give this gel two functions at the same time - to get negative painful information out of your body and protect it from foreign invasions. As you practice this procedure three to five times a day, you will gradually develop the ability to do it faster and better. Do not forget about the main areas - hands and face (by the way, many girls have been instinctively doing this for millennia, washing and applying cosmetics to their face). And, of course, the main thing is the third function of the "invisible gel" - to automatically fall to the ground after the resource is used up (usually 2-5 hours after application on the body). Even an unprepared person immediately has the feeling that "pieces of dirt" are falling from him. As my sad recent experience has shown - even two days without using this "protective gel" - you can get into big trouble.

Take care, dear readers, and do not forget - evil exists and, unlike us, it does not sleep, waiting for a suitable moment to attack.
Many greetings, your humble Vovchik.

reviews

P.S. two years after my mother passed away ... I just don't have time for it now ... Sorry.

Force field invented to protect against pressure wave March 24, 2015

The American company Boeing has patented a technology that has been considered the set of science fiction novels to this day - a force field system that can protect various objects from a pressure wave, including buildings, cars or airplanes. This was reported on the US Patent Office website.

In principle, Boeing's invention is similar to the energy shields that are familiar to many from the films in the Star Wars saga. A special sensor detects the source of the explosion, whereupon a generator for an electromagnetic arc field comes into play. Using lasers, electricity and microwave radiation, the system ionizes a small area of ​​air and creates a plasma field in the path of the pressure wave.

"This technology will reduce the energy of the shock wave by creating a special environment on its way that reflects, breaks, absorbs and rejects at least part of it," says the license document.

Such a "shield" theoretically protects against the strongest vibrations in the air, but not against bullets or fragments of a grenade that exploded nearby. Keeping a protective "cocoon" around the object at all times will also not work. The fact is that strong air heating occurs during the operation of the system. Among other things, the force field also reflects light and thus obscures everyone in the plasma protection.

However, not everything is easy here.

Reference:

« A sensor that generates a signal to detect at least one explosion that can cause a shock wave that can travel through the liquid into the protected area. The sensor can determine the position and time of the explosion", - says the description of the device in the patent.

« And also an arc generator that works in conjunction with the sensor and is used to determine the wave signal. The generator can respond to heat in the selected area of ​​the fluid and instantly creates a second transmission medium that is different from the first and is located between the shock wave and the protected area».

And here is what internet users write:

Mofack, RU 3/24/15 2:10 PM
hmm, but there are no performance issues? it turns out that the power source of such crap should produce such a sick one-time discharge.

sanches80, RU 3/24/15 3:17 PM
If we consider that little is affected by the blast in modern combat, then the value of this miracle is not great, to say the least. Unless the wave of a nuclear explosion is the main wave, but something tells me that these pepelats are not going to keep the wave of a nuclear explosion very strong

Hayama, RU 3/24/15 3:36 PM
The complexity of this product can only be compared to its uselessness ...

STRANNIK, ru 24.03.15 17:03
Another galactic reversal.
"With the help of lasers, electricity and microwave radiation are ... reflected, refracted, absorbed and deflected."
The whole set in one bottle. Crazy delirium. Like a galactic pepelatsa.
The main goal is to refresh the image of UWB, which has faded a lot in recent years, as the undisputed leader in military technologies.
And at the same time to justify drank dough in the taxpayer's eyes.

Alanv, RU 3/24/15 6:47 PM

Guys. and no one thought why these pepelats could even be needed, EVEN if they stop the shock wave? A piece of explosives wrapped in a newspaper to protect against an explosion ??? For the rest of the explosives, something close to the projectile (or a sea of ​​fragments) will usually deliver to the place, which will not be delayed by these fintiflyuha ...
Although I don't understand how a plasma can hold a pressure wave IN PRINCIPLE ... kind of strong non-equilibrium heating with the effect of a "counter-explosion" ??? And also: "With the help of lasers, electricity and microwave radiation, the system ionizes a small area of ​​air and creates a plasma field on the path of the pressure wave." And you need all-round protection ...
KMK is a theoretical study that has no real application.

manual

Take two batteries and glue them together. Connect the batteries so that they are different at their ends, i.e. plus versus minus and vice versa. Secure the wire to the end of each battery with paper clips. Next, place one of the paper clips on top of the batteries. If the paper clips don't reach the center at each time, you may need to bend them to the correct lengths. Secure the structure with tape. Make sure the ends of the wires are free and the edges of the paper clip reach the center of each battery. Connect the batteries from the top and do the same on the other side.

Take copper wire. Leave the wire straight about six inches, then wrap it around the beaker. Make about 10 turns. Leave another 6 inches straight. Connect one of the wires from the power supply to one of the free ends of the resulting copper coil. Make sure the wires are well connected together. When connected, the circuit gives a magnet field... Connect the other cable of the power source with a copper wire.

When current flows through the coil, the inside becomes magnetized. The staples stick together and the parts of a spoon or fork, screwdriver, magnetize and attract other metal objects while the coil is energized.

note

The coil can be hot. Make sure there is no flammable material around and be careful not to burn your skin.

Helpful advice

The most easily magnetizable metal is iron. When checking the field, do not choose aluminum or copper.

In order to generate an electromagnetic field, its source must radiate. At the same time it has to generate a combination of two electric and magnetic fields that can spread in space and generate each other. The electromagnetic field can propagate in space in the form of an electromagnetic wave.

You will need

  • - Insulated wire;
  • - a nail;
  • - two conductors;
  • - Rumkorf coil.

manual

Use low resistance insulated wire, copper is best. Wrap it on a steel core, an ordinary nail 100 mm long (weaving) will do. Connect the cable to a power source, a normal battery will do. An electric one fieldthat generate an electric current in it.

The directional movement of the charged (electric current) in turn creates a magnet fieldwhich is concentrated in a steel core with a wire wrapped around it. The core transforms and is attracted by ferromagnets (nickel, cobalt, etc.). The result field can be called electromagnetic because the electrical field magnetic.

To get a classic electromagnetic field, both electric and magnetic field Changed over time, then the electrical field generated magnetically and vice versa. This requires that the moving charges receive acceleration. The easiest way to do this is to make them hesitate. Therefore, to get an electromagnetic field, it is enough to take a conductor and connect it to a normal household network. But it will be so small that it will not be possible to measure it with instruments.

To get a strong enough magnetic field, make a Hertz vibrator. To do this, take two straight identical conductors and fix them so that the distance between them is 7 mm. This will be an open resonant circuit with low and electrical capacitance. Connect each of the conductors to the Rumkorf terminals (you can use them to receive high voltage pulses). Connect the circuit to the battery. Discharge begins in the spark gap between the conductors and the vibrator itself becomes the source of the electromagnetic field.

Related videos

The introduction of new technologies and the widespread use of electricity have led to the creation of artificial electromagnetic fields, most of which are harmful to humans and the environment. These physical fields arise where charges are moving.

The type of electromagnetic field

The electromagnetic field is a special kind of matter. It arises around conductors along which electrical charges move. The force field consists of two independent fields - magnetic and electrical, which cannot exist in isolation from each other. An electric field, when it arises and changes, always creates a magnetic one.

One of the first to investigate the nature of variable fields in the mid-19th century was James Maxwell, who is credited with the theory of the electromagnetic field. The scientist showed that accelerated electric charges create an electric field. Its change creates a field of magnetic forces.

The source of an alternating magnetic field can be a magnet when it is set in motion, as well as an electrical charge that oscillates or moves with acceleration. If the charge moves at a constant speed, a constant current flows through the conductor, which is characterized by a constant magnetic field. The electromagnetic field spreads in space and transfers energy, which depends on the size of the current in the conductor and the frequency of the waves emitted.

Human exposure to electromagnetic fields

The level of all electromagnetic radiation generated by artificial technical systems is many times higher than the natural radiation of the planet. This is a thermal effect that can lead to overheating of the body tissues and irreversible consequences. For example, prolonged use of a cell phone, which is a source of radiation, can lead to an increase in the temperature of the brain and lens of the eye.

Electromagnetic fields generated when using household appliances can cause malignant neoplasms. This is especially true of the child's body. Long-term presence of a person near a source of electromagnetic waves decreases the efficiency of the immune system and leads to diseases of the heart and blood vessels.

Of course, it is impossible to completely abandon the use of technical means that are a source of the electromagnetic field. However, you can use the simplest preventive measures such as: For example, only use your phone with a headset, and do not leave device cables unplugged after using devices. In everyday life, it is recommended to use extension cords and cords with protective shields.