What do we call paneer in English

Refreshment love

Are you looking for the "hit" for your garden party? Then prepare this ice-cold fruity watermelon in combination with fresh cucumber, mint, spring onions and salty feta cheese. Simply sliced ​​together in five minutes, the perfect dish for a hot day.


The watermelon is fully charged with electrolytes such as magnesium and potassium and provides your body with sufficient fluids. Every household in Persia has an ice-cold watermelon ready in summer, because it provides quick refreshment. On hot summer days in Persia we like to eat ice-cold watermelons, mostly pure or as juice and also in combination Watermelon, herb platter and feta cheese. The colors red, white, green are also the colors of the Persian flag.


A watermelon in Persia can weigh up to 20 kilos. My father kept them to cool in cold water in the pool or in the "HOUZ". I can remember how amazed I was that such a huge, heavy watermelon was not just submerged. Houz is a pool of water that is the focus of many Persian gardens. My parents lived in my grandmother's house for the first few years of their marriage. She had a beautiful hajat (Persian garden) with a turquoise glowing houz (water basin) in the middle. Around the water basin she had square beds with beautiful Persian roses, the scent of which filled the whole Hajat during the flowering period. She distributed flower pots with geraniums and herbs on the paths and around her Houz, she loved to combine the useful with the beautiful.

Her Houz was small, but extremely deep and someone came by every week to fill the pool with fresh water. In summer it was used to cool drinks and fruit and provided fresh and cool air. We liked to sit at the Houz in summer and feast on the chilled watermelon. When we had nibbled off the watermelon, we put the peel on our forehead, it was fantastic. We also bathed in their Houz as children or just let our legs dangle in the water.


In front of the front door there were open canals (djub) with running water to the right and left of the street and as children we also loved playing in the djub. We tried to throw each other into the djub or splashed water with the djub. At that time the water was clear, clean and led from the surrounding mountains of Tehran down to the south of the city. Small concrete bridges occasionally led over the Djub or we just jumped over it with a small jump. Often a car with a tire got stuck in the Djub and all the neighbors rushed out to lift the car out of the Djub. It was fun for us children.


The Persian Garden stimulates all the senses and is considered a fragrant paradise. It serves both as an ornamental garden and as a kitchen garden, but also as a place for relaxation and celebrations. It is hidden behind high walls and cannot be seen from the outside. The walls protect against noise, provide shade and create a calm and secure atmosphere. The beauty of the gardens is hidden behind ornate wooden doors. As soon as the gate opens, you are welcomed by the calming, rippling water in beautiful pools. This is not only pleasant on the ears, but also provides fresh air at the same time. The bewitching scent of roses, lilies, jasmine and aromatic herbs such as laurel and mint caress your nose. Delicious fruits like pomegranate, quince, dates, olives, vines and oranges tickle your palate. Small palms, cypresses and Judas trees provide shade and cool your skin. The calming silence harmonizes the soul. In Germany, the Persian garden is often referred to as the oriental garden.


Cozy seating in the garden invites you to relax or to celebrate parties with friends, dance, make music and sing. In the past, the water basin was covered with boards, carpeted and actors and musicians, e. B. at weddings and Nowrooz - The Festival of Renewal ensured a good mood. We call this spectacle in Persia “Rouhowsi” translated means “Rou” - on top and “howsi” is the water basin. Rouhowsi can be compared to the Italian "Commédia dell`Arte" or stand-up theater, a form of improvisational theater. Or a “Naqqal”, a storyteller, enchanted his audience with stories from “Sheherezade” from 1001 Nights, poems from the “Diwan” by Hafez or oral stories and legends. Naqqali is an ancient form of the Persian storyteller. He tells and sings and portrays the characters of the stories and myths of ancient Persia. Unfortunately, this art form is almost extinct.


The plants in a Persian garden often have a symbolic meaning for the residents of the house. Typical plants are pomegranates, peaches, apricots, oranges, mint, bay leaves, cypresses, and yew treesMulberry trees. The selected trees provide shade and the flowers and herbs are often used for medicinal and culinary purposes.


The water is a very important element and is at the center of the Persian garden. A water basin can be very simple or with elaborate canals, water features, fountains, cascades or terraces. The water basin gives a Persian garden a simple order and is used to water the plants. The scriptures speak of the water in the Paradise Garden as a “source of eternal refreshment”. The garden is usually divided into four and is called in Persian "Tschahar Bagh" (the four gardens). Geometric shapes express clarity and purity and symbolize the four phases of life, in the middle of which lies the source of life.


Typical Persian gardens outside Iran are the Taj Mahal in India, the Madinat al-Zahra near Córdoba, the Alcazar gardens in Seville and the Alhambra gardens in Granada.


You can still have a beautiful Persian garden in Bonn until October 15, 2017 in the Federal Art Hall visit. As part of the exhibition "Iran. Early cultures between water and desert ”in the Bundeskunsthalle in Bonn there is a special exhibition“ The Persian Garden. The invention of paradise. ”I visited the exhibition, I am absolutely thrilled and can warmly recommend it to you. First visit the Iran exhibition and then relax in the beautiful Persian garden, which is filled with the scent of roses, jasmine, lilies, irises and the splashing of water and sort through the many beautiful impressions. Walk around the water basins and enjoy the scent of lemon and orange trees, admire the pomegranate trees and the beautiful cypress and judas trees. Or enjoy the view of the beautiful garden in the niches in the wall or on the covered oriental terrace on the carpets.


In Berlin Marzahn there is the "Gardens of the World" and here you can also get onemore orientalgarden visit. The garden was opened in 2005 and is now part of the IGA, which this year will take place in Berlin until mid-October. At the beginning of July I'm in Berlin and will be the IGAvisit and I am particularly looking forward to the oriental garden.


Watermelon contains a lot of water, tastes fruity and has few calories, but a lot of vitamin C, has anti-inflammatory effects and protects the immune system. Vitamin A stimulates the skin's metabolism, ensures a glow effect on your skin, protects it from drying out and strengthens the connective tissue. Watermelon has a draining and cleansing effect. In Persia we like to use the kernels of the watermelon to make roasted, salted watermelon kernels as a healthy, crunchy snack for in between meals. To do this, simply roast the kernels in the oven with a little oil and salt. These also contain many vitamins A, B and C, minerals magnesium, calcium, iron, fat and even protein.

You can't tell from the watermelon whether it has ripened well or not. There's a simple trick: tap the whole watermelon when it's dull, full-bodied, and it's ripe. If it sounds hollow and quiet, then it is still immature.


500g watermelon

300 g cucumber

250 g feta cheese

1 tbsp white wine vinegar

1 tbsp olive oil

1 handful of mint

2-3 spring onions

salt and pepper


Cut the watermelon in half, quarter,

cut them first into slices and then into triangles.

Cut the cucumber into slices, halve and also cut into triangles.

Cut the feta cheese into cubes.

Cut the spring onions into slices and the mint into fine strips.

Mix the vinegar, oil, salt and pepper in a bowl.

Add all ingredients and mix gently.

Serve the salad with Sabzi Khordan and

Nan-e Barbari - Persian flatbread.

Nooshe Jan.



Salad-e Panir o Hendevaneh - Persian watermelon salad

Simply sliced ​​together in five minutes, the perfect dish for a hot day.

Preparation time 15 minutes


  • 500g watermelon
  • 300g cucumbers
  • 250g feta cheese
  • 2-3 spring onions
  • 1handful mint freshness


  • 1 tablespoon white wine vinegar
  • 1EL olive oil
  • Salt and pepper to taste



  1. Cut the watermelon in half, quarter it, cut it first into slices and then into triangles.

  2. Cut the cucumber into slices, halve and also cut into triangles.

  3. Cut the feta cheese into cubes.

  4. Cut the spring onions into slices and the mint into fine strips.


  1. Mix the vinegar, oil, salt and pepper in a bowl.

  2. Add all ingredients and mix gently.

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Keyword: side dish, detox, SPRING, main course, herbs, light cuisine, low carb, recipes, salads, quick recipes, SUMMER, starter