How does Harry Potter use his wand
Most witches and wizards over the age of 11 whose wands have not been broken or made unusable for some reason.
A Magic wand is a quasi-sensitive magical instrument that a witch or wizard uses to channel his or her magical powers to focus the effects for more complex results. Most spells are cast using wands, but spells can be cast without the use of wands. However, wandless magic is very difficult and requires a lot of concentration and incredible skill; only really advanced wizards are known to do magic in this way. 
Magic with a wand is usually performed with an incantation, but skilled wizards can cast non-verbal spells that hide the spell until it occurs, thereby preventing an opponent from receiving adequate protection in a timely manner. Wands are considered "quasi-sentient" because they are imbued with a lot of magic, which makes them as animate as an inanimate object can be. 
Wands are made and sold by wand makers, the most famous in the UK being Ollivander and Gregorovich. Each wand is made from a special type of wood that surrounds a core of magical substance. Although the wand cores can come from the same creatures, or the wood comes from the same tree, no two existing wands are exactly alike. The study of the history and magical properties of wands is called wand science.
Most witches and wizards buy their first wand when they are eleven - just before they start their magical training. Most English wizards and witches buy their wands from Ollivander's wand shop on Diagon Alley, where they try several wands until they find the one that suits them, or rather, the wand seeks the wizard that fits. Some witches and wizards, especially those from poorer backgrounds, are forced to use wands from which they were not chosen but chose a member of their family: Ron Weasley, for example, uses his brother Charliesalten's wand when he is his first Year at Hogwarts begins.
The possession or use of wands is prohibited for non-human magical beings such as goblins and house-elves. For goblins in particular, this ban was a point of contention with the wizarding community and caused some outbreaks of violence. There are no known formal prohibitions on the possession of wands by Muggles; they would not be able to use it anyway, but possession of a Muggle wand could be considered a violation of the wizarding secrecy agreement.
Any underage wizard or witch who has been expelled from school is prohibited from practicing magic and their wands will be confiscated and destroyed. Rubeus Hagrid's wand suffered such a fate despite having been somewhat repaired and hidden in his umbrella. Gellert Grindelwald was evicted from Durmstrang, but he managed to keep his wand (or get another one), which may mean the wand confiscation only applies to Hogwarts students. Of course, all criminals who have been arrested and jailed lose their wands, as Barty Crouch Jr. claimed that he has not been allowed to use a wand since Azkaban; however, her wands do not seem to be destroyed, but simply locked away, as Bellatrix Lestrange managed to get her old wand back after escaping from prison.
During the final year of the Second Wizarding War, the British Ministry of Magic was conquered by the Death Eaters and new laws were created in it. Muggleborn witches and wizards were considered to have "stolen" their magic from "real" witches and wizards, and their wands (which were also considered stolen) were confiscated. Those who were not detained were usually left penniless.
Wand lore is a special type of magic that relates to the history and magical properties of wands. Mr. Ollivander claims that it is a "complex and mysterious branch of magic".  The idea that a wand chooses the wizard and can change followers is part of wand science.
Most wands are long, thin wooden sticks with a magical substance embedded in their core. The woods used are abelia, maple, acacia, alpine laburnum, apple, pear, birch, wolfberry, beech, Christmas thorn, date, ebony, ivy, yew, elder, oak, English oak, alder, ash, aspen , Fig, rock pear, spruce, lilac, forsythia, rubber tree, dogwood, hazelnut, hops, isu, Jerusalem thorn, persimmon, chestnut, pine, cherry, kiwi coral, buckthorn, larch, laurel, lotus plum, mesquite, mirabelle, mistletoe, magnolia, Sequoia, mahogany, myrtle, Norfolk hibiscus, olive, poplar, plum, plane tree, pine, pistachio, quebracho tree, rhododendron, rosewood, red oak, redwood, reeds, snowball, black thorn, black oak, black walnut, silver linden, holly, fir, weeping willow Elm, rowan, walnut, willow, grapevine, hornbeam, hawthorn, xanthium, yucca, witch hazel, cedar, lemon and cypress. The core rod | cores that have been documented are phoenix feather, dragon heart fiber, veela hair, unicorn hair, thestral tail hair, coral, basilisk horn, thunderbird tail hair, dorsal spine of the White River monster, whiskers of the knee, rougarou hair, centaur's hoofed horned splitter, Sallygaster heart fiber, troll whiskers, curupira hair, stem of a diptame and, kelpie hair.  Wand maker Garrick Ollivander mentions that he wouldn't use veela hair because it makes wands too "headstrong". Other magical substances can be used for cores, but none have been reported yet. But there are few wands made of other materials: crystal (onyx, diamond, sapphire, emerald, ruby), glass, wood (a mixture of several woods made into a magic wand), ivory (also used by Olivander) and iron .
Other important characteristics of a wand are length and flexibility, which ranges from "unyielding" to "bouncy". All of these different factors have different effects on the character of the wand, but these rules are subtle. The properties of a wand also seem to have some influence on the type of magic the wand is particularly suited to. Example: James Potter's wand was excellent for metamorphosis, and Lily Evans' wand was described as good for magic arts.
It's not much about that Magic wand Production known, but what is known: The material for a magic wand (wood, crystal, etc.) is collected with a magic wand, in this process the bark and pests are removed and a magic affinity is guaranteed. The core material is collected without a magic wand. What is important, the material must not be more than 2 days old before it is embedded in the material. As Olivander said: "When I tried to pull the unicorn's hair out, I almost died!"
Bowtruckles, tree guardians, choose to live in wand trees, the wood of which is of good wand quality - wand wood. Wand wood can be already magical or magically harvested wood that is strong enough to withstand the power of magic within.
General wand properties
- „ Wands are only as powerful as the wizards who use them….“
- - Hermione explaining to Harry Potter[src]
In almost all documented cases, the wand chooses the wizard that suits their character as the wizard may have difficulty or not be able to perform magic if his or her character is in conflict with him or her or the magic may be sub-par in opposition to magic performed with a matching wand. Ollivander says that wizarding can channel its powers through almost anything, but optimal results can only be performed with those with whom they have a natural affinity. If you try different wands, a wand that is not suitable for this wearer will usually do nothing at all. However, a warm feeling is an indication that you've chosen the right wand, and the wand sometimes gives off a few sparks or something like that, little signs of magic.
Since numbers are known to have magical properties, the length of a wand, much like its core, can symbolize something to its owner. For example, the wand of Tom Riddle, a renowned dark wizard, measures 13½ inches, and thirteen is often an omen of bad luck or evil in the folklore and religion of various cultures around the world. Wands that are unusually short, a little less than 9 ", tend to belong to people who are" lacking "in character, Dolores Umbridge, a well-known example. Wands are typically 9 to 14 inches in length, although they can be as short as 7 inches and as long as 18 inches. According to Garrick Ollivander, the assignment of a wand to a wizard is a rough measure solely in terms of size. Long staffs tend to favor those with tall personalities, a sweeping and dramatic style of magic. Tighter wands prefer more elegant and sophisticated spells. Especially short wands will choose wizards whose character has flaws.
Wands can accept new masters. When a wand master is disarmed, stunned, or killed, the wand can accept the old master's attacker as its new master, shifting its allegiance to the wizard who won it from its previous owner. This phenomenon is especially observed with the Elder Wand, which, according to Albus Dumbledore, only respects power. The Elder Wand will transfer its allegiance even if its defeated master was never in its possession. No other wand is known to share this quality. Most wands are tied to their master and will not easily end their loyalty to the previous master, if at all. However, it is unlikely that the original bond was broken; for if it were, then a defeated witch or wizard would be better off acquiring a new wand rather than continuing to use the old one because it would no longer work for them at its highest level - but they don't. Furthermore, wands stolen by force in circumstances such as a competition or in a friendly way or stolen without attacking the previous master will not change loyalty.
Spells and physical damage can break wands, greatly reducing their magical abilities. Even if they are repaired, the magic of the wand is not improved and the wand can break again when cast; Wands held together by something like magic ribbon can backfire. The Elder Wand is capable of completely repairing broken wands, although this ability could be lost if the current master dies undefeated because most of the wand's power would disappear with him.
In addition, wands appear to have the ability, at least partially, to function underwater, as demonstrated when Harry Potter attempted to use a disgusting curse to free himself from the grip of several Grindelohs. However, Harry noted that instead of "sending sparks to the Grindelohs" it was "throwing what appeared to be a jet of boiling water" at them. This means that spells work differently in an underwater environment.
Wands are quasi-sentient: although they cannot think or communicate like a human, they can perform certain actions of their own volition. This ability could be how they choose their wizard or witch, and it also explains the autonomous action of Harry's wand against Voldemort.
Magic wand "death"
"Wilting" of a wand occurs when the wand expels all magic and denies its further magical use. This phenomenon is only known with hazel wands, which are often so fond of their owner that after the death of their owner, these wands lose all their magic in this way. This is curable by replacing the wand core, unless the core was originally made from unicorn hair, in which case there is no hope and the wand actually "died" as opposed to simply withered.
Many wands manufacturers exist, but Ollivander is the best known and most experienced in the UK. The wand-making facility has been making wands since 382 BC. And is located in Diagon Alley, London. Mr. Ollivander has been missing since the summer of 1996  until he was discovered by Harry, Ron and Hermione and rescued by the house elf Dobby in 1998: he was kidnapped by Death Eaters on behalf of Voldemort. Ollivander then told Harry about the Elder Wand and how a wand becomes property.
There are several British wandmakers, Jimmy Kiddell for example, but their wands have been said to be not as good as Ollivander's.
Another notable wand maker was Mykew Gregorovich, who created Viktor Krum's wand and once waved the elder wand. In 1997, he was tracked down and interviewed by Voldemort while searching for the Elder Wand. After Voldemort was finished with questioning Gregorovich, he murdered him. 
Legend has it that Death created the Elder Wand, the most powerful wand that has ever existed from the branch of an elder tree. However, Albus Dumbledore assumed that Antioch Peverell himself was likely the creator.
In a comment in The fairy tales of Beedle the Bard Albus Dumbledore mentions that he has experience with wand studies.
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