Has kidnapped Hades Persephone

Persephone

Persephone (Greek: Περσεφόνη; Roman: Proserpine) is the goddess of spring, flowers and youth in Greek mythology.

She is the daughter of Zeus and Demeter and is the wife of Hades, which is why she is the queen of the underworld.

history

Version 1:

Hades fell in love with Persephone and asked his brother Zeus to accept her mother Demeter's promise to hear him. Zeus, however, said that Hades was powerful and should take Persephone. So Zeus lured Persephone away from her friends and gave Hades the opportunity to take her to the underworld.

Demeter looked everywhere for Persephone but found no clues until she came across the titan Hekate, who had heard Persephone scream. Hecate could tell her that Hades had kidnapped Persephone. Persephone put up all the resistance she could muster in the underworld: she screamed around, threw plates around and did not touch any food, because that would have meant that she and the householder were friends.

Meanwhile Demeter complained to Zeus. This should do something against Hades. But he did not see this and was more than satisfied with Hades as a man for Persephone. Hades is very powerful and can take care of Persephone. Dementer was so angry that her heart froze and it would only let it grow a little again when Persephone was with her again. Hades, in turn, threatened to let the dead out of the underworld again if he was taken from Persephone.

He had a garden built for Persephone in the underworld and only used the most beautiful plants in the world. In the middle of the garden there was a pomegranate tree. When asked if she wanted to try one, she couldn't resist and ate a third of the pomegranate. At that moment, when she swallowed it, Hermes appeared, who was supposed to take her back to Olympus, as Dementer had prevailed.

Version 2:

Persephone, then called Kore, lived with her mother Demeter and other nymphs in a wooded area. This area included some mountains. Kore was not allowed to enter it under any circumstances, as there was a portal to the underworld nearby. But one day Kore had had enough and sneaked over there. As her mother had predicted, she fell into the underworld. But she did not fear them. She was fascinated by the underworld. This fascination made the god of the underworld, Hades, fall in love with her. So Kore stayed with him as she returned his love. Above, however, Demeter went completely crazy. As in the other versions, Hades heard that Hermes was coming to pick up Kore. However, she did not want to leave the underworld and decided to voluntarily eat the pomegranates from the gardens that Hades had made for her. The moment she became queen of the underworld, she dropped the name Kore and became Persephone. So the girl became the murderer.

Common end:

Hermes wanted to bring her back directly, but asked if she had eaten anything in the underworld, because no one was allowed to take anything from the underworld, which includes food that was ingested. He looked at her hands and saw the two-thirds of the pomegranate.

Now the gods did not know what to do. Only Hestia knew advice: she suggested that Persephone stayed with Hades for a third of the year in the underworld, having eaten a third of a pomegranate. (The Greeks only knew spring, summer, and autumn and therefore divided the year into three parts) During this time Demeter's heart hardened and nothing grew; but when Persephone returned to her, spring came, which is why she was worshiped as the goddess of spring.

Other myths:

In another version, Theseus and Peirithoos wanted to kidnap Persephone from the underworld because Peirithoos wanted to marry them. However, Hades prevented this and both are captured. Heracles, however, freed Theseus and fled with him from the underworld, while Peirithoos stayed behind.

It also appears in the Orpheus saga. She persuades her husband to give Orpheus his wife back.

Persephone is i.a. responsible for the creation of the mint. When the naiad (freshwater nymph) Minthe tried to seduce Hades, she was hunted by Persephone and eventually turned into this plant.

Trivia

  • Persephone was later called the "Bringer of Death" because she could persuade her husband to do anything.
  • It is said that Persephone has bright red hair during her time outside, but as soon as she enters the underworld, it turns brownish to black.
  • Another translation of her name could mean "voice", an allusion to the voices of the dead in the underworld.