What does Sara Manar think of Turkey?
|Baslık:||Qal'at Jabar / minaret|
|Ülke dilinde:||قلعة جعبر / مئذنة|
|İl / İdare birimi:||Ar-Raqqa - Arap Suriye Cumhuriyeti|
|Resim / Fotoğraf:||Christiane Karrer|
|Yazıyı hazırlayan:||Jan Marr, Tilman Neuschild, Rüdiger Bartelmus|
|Tanım / İçerikli Anlatım:||West side of the minaret built in the time of Nureddin (now slightly inclined to the east) on the highest point of the castle hill. Apart from the minaret, there are only a few remains of the destroyed mosque. In addition to these, the ruins of a residence equipped with a bathing facility have been preserved there.|
In 1087 the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah had the castle Qal'at Jabar built about 50 km west of Ar-Raqqa. Probably conquered in 1104 ...
In 1087 the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah had the castle Qal'at Jabar built about 50 km west of Ar-Raqqa. Presumably in 1104 crusaders from the county of Edessa under Baldwin II conquered the place, but could not hold it. In 1146, the eminent Atabeg Imad ad-Din Zengi, who was besieging an insurgent nobleman in the castle, was murdered by a slave outside the walls. Under Zengi's son and successor Nureddin and under Saladin and his successors, Qal'at Jabar was greatly expanded. Burned bricks were used for this, probably because the conflict with the crusaders made it necessary to build and expand the complex quickly. The castle, which is oval in plan, was secured by two wall rings reinforced with towers. In the 13th and 14th centuries, the place was badly destroyed by the Mongols.
According to tradition, Suleyman Şah, the grandfather of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, is buried here. It is thanks to this fact that the place represents a Turkish enclave on Syrian territory: In Art. 9 of the so-called Ankara Treaty of 1921, this was laid down as an agreement between the colonial power France and Turkey. Even after Syria became independent, this right was never questioned.
Today the building rises on a (half) island connected to the mainland by a dam in the Assad reservoir.
|Nesne için başka isimler:||Buḥayrat al-asad, Buhairat al Asad, Buhayrat al Asad, Lake Assad, Lac el-Assad, Lake Assad,|
Castle / Citadel, قلعة, Qalʿa, Qala'a, Qal'a, Qalaa, Quala'a, Qualaa, Qala, Quala, Kal'a, Ḳalʿa, Kalaa, Pl. قلاع, Qilāʿ, قلوع, qulūʿ, اقلع, eḳlāʿ, Related: Qalʿat, Qala'at, Qal'at, Qalaat, Quala'at, Qualaat, Qalat, Qualat, Kal'at, Ḳalʿat, Kalaat, Citadel, Fortress, Castle, Minaret, منار, Manār, Manâr, Manar , Minār, Minār, Minar, Monār, Monar, Munār, Munar, منارة, Manāra, Manāra, Manara, Menara, Menāra, Monara, Munara, Mināra, Minare, Minara, Manarat, Minaret, مئذنة, Miʾḏana, Ma'dhana, Madhanat , Mi'dhana, Madhana, Midhana, Madana, Mie'zana, Mazana, Mizana, Pl. منائر, Manāʾir, مناور, Manāwir, مآذن, Māḏin
|PN için başka isimler:||Nur ad-Din, نور الدين زنكي, Nūr ad-Dīn Zankī, Nuredin Zanki, Nur ad-Din Zangi, Nur ad-Din Zengi, الملك العادل نور الدين ابو القانكū ابو الاسم ن ممود يrنكم ن مود يrنزم ن مود يr Dīn Abu l-Qāsim Maḥmūd b. Zengī, Al-Malik al-Adil Nur ad-Din Abu l-Qasim Mahmud ibn Zengi, Nūr al-Dīn Maḥmūd b. Zankī, Nur ad-Din Mahmud, Nur ed-Din, Nur al-Din, Nureddin, Nuraddin, Nuruddin, Saladin, صلاح الدين الأيوبي, Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn al-Ayyūbī, Ṣalâh ad-Dîn, Salah ad-Din, Salah al -Din, Salâh ad-Dîn, Salah ed-Din, Salahaddin, Salahuddin, Salachaddin, Salaheddin, Selahadînê, Salahiddin, Salahddin, Salah ud Din, Salahudin, Salahedin, Selahaddin, Selaheddin, Selahuddin, Salahadin, Salahidin, Salahadeen , Salahideen, Salahdeen, Salahaddeen, Salaheddeen, Salahiddeen, Salahuddeen, Seldschuken, السلاجقة, سلجوقيان, as-Salāǧiqa, Salǧūqīyān, Sald̲j̲ūḳids, Seljuks, Seljuqs, Seljuks, Seljuqs, Seljuqs, Seljuqs, Turks, Seljuqs. سلجوق, Salǧūq, Seldschük, Zengi, زنكي, Zankī, Zenki, Zanki, زنگي, Zangi, Zengui, Sengi, عماد الدین زنكي, ʿImād ad-Dangsun Zanki, Imad ad-De-Dinaddīn Zankī, Imad ad-De-Dinadden Zankī, Imad ad-De-Dinadden Zankī, Imad ad-De-Dinadden Zankī, Imad ad-De-Dinadden Zanki, Imad-al-Din Zengui, 'Imad al-Din Zanki, pl. زنكيون, Zankiyūn, Zengiden, Zangiden, Zankiden, Sengiden|
|Yere / Bölgeye ait başka isim:||Qalʿat Ǧaʿbar, Qal'a Ǧa'bar, Qal'at Ja'bar, Qalaat Jabar, Qalaat Jabaar, Qal'at Ja'ber, Qal'at Jaber, Caber Kalesi, Jaabar, Jafar, Gabar, Gaber, Dschabar, Djabar, Djaber, Djaber-Kalé, Dausara|
|Bölgenin başka tanınan ismi:||Ar-Raqqa, محافظة الرقة, Muḥāfaẓat ar-Raqqāh, Muḥāfaẓat ar-Raqqa, Muhafazat ar-Raqqah, Mohafazat ar-Raqqa, Raqqa, Al-Rakka, Rakka, Rekka, Raqqah, Racca|
|Country:||Syrian Arab Republic, الجمهورية العربية السورية, سورية, بلاد الشم, Bilād aš-Šām, Sūrīya, al-Ǧumhūrīya, Al-ʿArabīya al-ʿArabīya as-Sūrien-Arabīya as-Sūrien-J-Arabīya as-Sūrien-Arabīya as-Sūrien-J-Arabīya, Syrien-Juriya, Bilāriya Syrie, Suria, Surija, Greater Syria, Greater Syria|
|Yayımlayıcı / yazar:||KiBiDaNO: Kiel image database Middle East|
|Kayıt içereği / Sınıfı:||Excursion to Syria by the Theological Faculty of Kiel University in 1999 under the direction of Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Bartelmus and PD Dr. Klaus Fitschen|
|Sınıf / Category:||Askeri, Lanet / Ilenç,? Slami, Cami, 11th century AD, 12th century AD, 13th century AD, 14th century AD, Ar-Raqqa|
|Yorum:||Konu hakkında görüşlerinizi, degişiklik önerilerinizi air bize Mesaj olarak gönderiniz!.|
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